The Identity and Access Management (IAM) methodology is about defining and managing the roles and access privileges of individual network users, and when users are granted (or denied) those privileges.
With the rapid development and spread of the digital world, it becomes difficult to implement and manage the necessary security strategies in accessing in-house applications with different platforms and infrastructures.
The Identity and Access Management (IAM) methodology is about defining and managing the roles and access privileges of individual network users, and when users are granted (or denied) those privileges. These users can be customers (customer identity management), consultants or employees (employee identity management). The main purpose of IAM systems is one digital identity per individual. Once this digital ID is created, each user has an access lifecycle.
Identity Management is a security mechanism used to create a single password with certain rules for internal or external personnel (consultants, temporary staff, etc.), to open or restrict access to applications, to prevent unauthorized access with role-based authorization.
It is a structure that makes it possible to implement the same decision in other systems instantly without the human factor, together with the implementation of decisions taken in a central structure on an identity (recruitment / exit). Identity may not only consist of personnel accounts, it may be used in servers, databases.
By handling service accounts as an "identity", it is possible to control the authorization and access of these accounts.
Access Management is a structure based on the principle of opening the screens of the application directly in line with the authorization and access of the identity instead of logging into the in-house applications one by one after a central authentication (Active Directory, LDAP, etc.) (Single Sign-On)
Benefits of Identity and Access Management for Organizations
Safety: This is perhaps the most important benefit organizations can get from IAM. By controlling user access, companies can eliminate data breaches, identity theft, and illegal access to confidential information. IAM can prevent the spread of compromised login credentials, prevent unauthorized access to the organization's network, and protect against ransomware, hacking, phishing, and other types of cyber attacks.
Workload: IAM simplifies the IT workload. When a security policy is updated, all access privileges across the enterprise can be changed with a single scan. IAM can also reduce the number of calls sent to the IT help desk regarding password resets. Some systems even have automation kits for tedious IT tasks.
Audit: Helps compliance with all criteria of IAM security controls at the enterprise level. It provides traceability about any identity or role by collecting all access logs.
Productivity: Companies can access their networks from outside people (such as customers, suppliers and visitors) without compromising security and contribute to the creation of solutions in a short time.
Ease: IAM improves the user experience. You do not need to enter more than one password to access multiple systems under SSO. If biometrics or smart cards are used, users may not need to remember complex passwords.
Identity and Access Management Consultant